Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound: A Comprehensive Breed Guide

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a unique and lesser-known breed originating from Germany. Developed as a result of crossing the Bavarian Hound with the Hanover Hound, this breed is admired for its exceptional scent-trailing abilities. While traditionally employed in tracking wounded game, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has also gained popularity as a loving companion dog in recent years.

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound

These medium-sized and versatile dogs are known for their calm and balanced temperament, making them fitting pets for a wide range of households. They are loyal and devoted to their owners; however, they can be reserved around strangers. As scent hounds, it is essential to provide them with mental stimulation and regular exercise to keep them content and healthy. Additionally, early socialization and consistent training are crucial in molding their behavior to be well-rounded and adaptable.

Key Takeaways

  • Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are skilled scent-trailers, bred for tracking wounded game and as companion dogs.
  • This breed is characterized by a calm, balanced temperament, and a reserved nature around strangers.
  • Mental stimulation, regular exercise, socialization, and consistent training are essential for these dogs.


The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound, also known as Bayerischer Gebirgsschweißhund, is a breed of dog that originated in Germany. Its development can be traced back to the 19th century when it was created through the crossbreeding of the Bavarian Hound and the Hanover Hound. The breed was specifically developed to be a muscular and agile hound that could efficiently track wounded game in the mountainous regions of Bavaria.

The Club for Bavarian Mountain Hound (Klub für Bayrische Gebirgsschweißhunde) was established in the year 1912 in Munich. The club’s creation was spearheaded by Baron Karg-Bebenburg, an enthusiast and promoter of the breed. This club played a significant role in preserving and promoting the Bavarian Mountain Hound’s unique characteristics and abilities.

In addition to being popular in Germany, the breed has also gained recognition in neighboring countries, such as Austria. The Bavarian Mountain Hound’s exceptional scent tracking abilities and calm temperament have made it a sought-after breed for hunters and those looking for a devoted, loyal companion.



The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a medium-sized dog, with heights ranging from 17 to 20.5 inches and weights between 37 and 66 pounds. This breed has a solid, muscular build that allows it to navigate mountainous terrains effortlessly while hunting.


The coat colors of the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound come in a variety of shades, including:

  • Brown
  • Reddish-brown
  • Fawn
  • Deer red

Some individuals may also have black hairs dispersed throughout their coat, adding depth to the overall appearance.


The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has a dense coat, providing them with excellent insulation against harsh weather conditions often found in mountainous environments. The coat also has a moderate length, making it relatively easy to maintain and groom.

Ears and Tail: The breed’s ears are set high on the head and hang closely to its cheeks. In contrast, the tail is high-set, medium in length, and tapers to a fine point. These features not only add to the overall appeal of the dog but also serve functional purposes while maneuvering through rugged terrain.

Nails: The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound typically has strong, durable nails that allow it to maintain traction and stability on various surfaces, including rocky and uneven terrain.

The appearance of the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound reflects its ability to perform well in its natural mountainous habitat and highlights the breed’s unique and attractive features.



The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a well-rounded breed, boasting a calm and balanced nature. They are highly intelligent dogs with a strong sense of smell, making them excellent trackers in the mountains. Their devoted nature means they require close contact with their humans, as they are known for being people-oriented dogs.

While they may be reserved with strangers, they are remarkably loyal to their owners. This loyalty, paired with their self-assured temperament, makes them neither shy nor aggressive. They are confident and courageous when facing new situations or challenges.

It’s essential to remember that, despite their warm demeanor, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is not a suitable pet for everyone. They are working dogs bred for hunting and tracking, and as such, require consistent mental and physical stimulation. This is crucial for maintaining a healthy, well-adjusted behavior.

Socialization and Behavior

Interaction with Families

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is known for being calm, balanced, and devoted to its owner. This breed is people-oriented, showing affection with cuddles, wagging tails, and lots of licking. They are obedient, fearless, and self-confident dogs. However, they are neither shy nor aggressive, making them suitable companions for families.

Interaction with Strangers

When it comes to interacting with strangers, Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds can be reserved and wary. Proper socialization from a young age (between 3-12 weeks) is particularly vital to help them get used to different people, environments, and situations. By exposing them to a variety of experiences early in life, their wariness towards strangers can be alleviated, making them more comfortable in social situations.

Interaction with Other Dogs

As scent hounds, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are accustomed to working and socializing with other dogs. However, their behavior towards other dogs can vary based on their individual personality and upbringing. Generally, interactions with other dogs should be monitored and managed to ensure a positive experience for all dogs involved. Regular socialization with other dogs can help further develop balanced behavior and positive interactions.

Training and Exercise

Obedience Training

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds require consistent obedience training from a young age, preferably as early as six months. These intelligent dogs respond well to firm leadership and positive reinforcement methods, which involve rewarding their good behavior with treats, praise, and attention. It is crucial to avoid punishment or negative reinforcement, as it can lead to fear and anxiety in the dog.

Training sessions should be short, engaging, and persistent to ensure your Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound remains focused and gradually learns the desired commands. Taking your dog to socialization training classes can also be beneficial. As these hounds have a strong scenting ability, incorporating scenting and tracking exercises can be a great addition to obedience training.

Physical Exercise

Daily Walks and Hikes: Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds need a high level of daily physical exercise to maintain their health and happiness. They enjoy daily walks, but they thrive in more challenging environments such as mountainous terrain. Hiking in the mountains will provide the opportunity for natural physical stimulation, keeping your dog both happy and well-behaved.

Running and Playing: Apart from daily walks, these hounds also benefit from regular runs, as well as engaging games like fetch, which make use of their strong scenting abilities. Be persistent in providing various forms of physical exercise to keep your dog active and stimulated.

Other Activities: Swimming can be an excellent addition to your dog’s exercise routine, offering a low-impact form of physical stimulation. Additionally, you can get involved in dog sports such as agility or tracking trials to make the most of your Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound’s energy and natural talents.

Hunting Skills


The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a skilled hunting dog with a strong prey drive. Originating from Germany, these versatile scent hounds were developed for the specific purpose of locating wounded game in heavily forested mountains. They were bred by crossing the Hanoverian Scent hound with red Mountain Scent hounds in the 1870s, resulting in a lightweight dog with resilient features and strong bones.

One of the most prominent traits of Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds is their exceptional sense of smell. Their ability to pick up even the faintest scents allows them to follow the blood trail of injured prey. With their super sensitive nose, they can easily track prey over long distances and a variety of terrains, including dense forests and mountainous regions.

In addition to their olfactory prowess, Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds possess a trainable temperament, making them excellent companions for hunters. They are known for their persistence and determination in locating their target, exhibiting a steadfast loyalty to their human partners.

When out hunting, these dogs use their drooping ears to their advantage. The unique shape of their ears helps to funnel the scents towards their nose, enhancing their ability to track wounded game accurately. Due to their exceptional tracking skills, Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are often referred to as the ‘original hunting dogs.’

While the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound excels in hunting, it’s essential for potential owners to understand their strong prey drive. These dogs should be socialized early and trained consistently to ensure they remain focused on the task at hand and can differentiate between legitimate hunting targets and other animals.


The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a medium-sized dog, generally weighing between 44-55 pounds and standing 17-20 inches tall. As a purebred dog, there are some common health issues you should be aware of when considering this breed.

Common Health Issues

  • Hip Dysplasia: Like many medium to large-sized dogs, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound can be prone to hip dysplasia. This is a genetic condition in which the hip joint doesn’t develop correctly, leading to arthritis and pain as the dog ages. To minimize the risk, choose a reputable breeder who tests their breeding dogs for hip dysplasia and only breeds dogs with healthy hips.

  • Ear Infections: The breed’s long, floppy ears can make them susceptible to ear infections. To help prevent this, it’s important to regularly clean their ears and check for signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or an unpleasant odor. If you notice any of these signs, consult with your veterinarian for proper treatment.

Taking care of the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound’s health requires regular exercise, a balanced diet, and routine veterinary care. Being vigilant about their well-being will help ensure they have a long and happy life, with a typical lifespan of 10-14 years.

Breed Popularity

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a rare breed, especially outside of its native Germany. Their primary function as working dogs contributes to their lower popularity as companion animals. In fact, they were bred for trailing wounded game, making them particularly adept at utilizing their strong scenting abilities.

In the United States, the breed’s rarity is evident as it hasn’t yet made its way into the mainstream dog-loving culture. However, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound as a part of its Foundation Stock Service. This program serves to maintain the records of rare and developing breeds that are not yet eligible for full AKC registration. By being a part of this service, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is given the opportunity to grow in presence and acquire more recognition among enthusiasts.

As more people become aware of this breed’s unique characteristics, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound may see a rise in popularity, especially among those who appreciate their exceptional scenting abilities and agility when working in mountainous terrain. With the support of the AKC and the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound’s participation in events, this breed could gain more visibility and interest among dog lovers.

While the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound may not currently be as popular as other scent hounds, this rare breed has much to offer for those who appreciate its working qualities and impressive hunting skills.

Care and Maintenance

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are highly active dogs with a strong hunting instinct. To keep them healthy and happy, they require daily physical exercise, mental stimulation, and proper grooming. These dogs are also known for their loyalty and attachment to their families, so it’s important to assess their emotional needs and provide them with the necessary socialization.

When it comes to activity level, these dogs thrive with regular exercise, such as long walks, hikes, or play sessions in a fenced area. Their high stamina and love for exploring make them great companions for active families and hunters. Apart from physical exercise, providing them with sufficient mental stimulation such as puzzle toys, scent tracking, or obedience training can help prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds have moderate grooming needs. Frequent brushing of their short coat helps remove dead hair, dirt, and debris while keeping their coat healthy and shiny. Attention should also be given to their nails, teeth, and ears for optimal health.

As these dogs are people-oriented, they can experience separation anxiety if not given enough attention and time with their families. Socializing your Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound, especially when they are young, is crucial in preventing anxiety and behavioral issues. Regular interaction with other dogs, people, and a variety of environments will help them become well-rounded adult dogs.

When it comes to their vocality, Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds can be vocal but are not considered excessively barky. Training, socialization, and providing them with enough mental stimulation can help manage their vocal tendencies, ensuring a harmonious relationship with both their families and neighbors.

Breed Specifics

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound, also known as the Bayerischer Gebirgsschweißhund, is a breed of dog originating from Germany. This working dog is a cross between the Bavarian Hound and the Hanover Hound, which has made them exceptional tracking hounds with an excellent sense of smell.

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are medium-sized dogs, typically measuring 17-20 inches in height and weighing 44-55 lbs. They have a sturdy build, which allows them to efficiently follow scent trails close to the ground. Their even, steady temperaments make them excellent companions for foresters and game wardens who rely on their skills in tracking wounded game.

In terms of health, the breed is generally healthy, with some minor concerns such as hip dysplasia. Regular checkups and occasional tests are recommended to ensure the well-being of these dogs. Their coats are relatively low-maintenance, requiring only occasional grooming and brushing to keep them in good condition.

Working closely with their handlers, Bavarian Mountain Hounds are known to be loyal, yet reserved with strangers. This breed is versatile and well-suited for various working situations, making them invaluable partners to those who rely on their keen sense of smell in the field.

Despite their tracking abilities and working nature, Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are not commonly kept as pets. However, once their working duties are complete, they can make affectionate and loyal companions, adapting well to family life. Given their energetic and active nature, a home with ample space and outdoor areas is ideal to keep these dogs happy and fulfilled.

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a testament to German breeding expertise, offering a unique combination of exceptional tracking abilities, adaptability, and a steady temperament that makes them an invaluable partner for those in their native land of Germany and beyond.

Purchasing a Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound

When considering purchasing a Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound, it’s important to keep in mind their unique characteristics and traits. These medium-sized scent hounds are known for being versatile, confident, and devoted pets. They have strong bones, drooping ears, a strong sense of smell, and a trainable temperament.

Finding a Breeder

To ensure a healthy puppy, find a reputable breeder who specializes in Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds. It’s crucial to find out the dog’s pedigree and any potential health concerns within the lineage. You can search online for breeders in your area or ask for referrals from trusted sources like veterinarians or dog trainers.

Choosing the Right Puppy

When looking at Bavarian Mountain Hound puppies, consider their temperament and specific traits for your family’s needs. These dogs are known to develop a strong bond with their owners and are docile and never timid. They can also be aloof with strangers, which could be a desirable trait for some families.

Preparing Your Home and Family

Bavarian Mountain Hounds require a structured environment and consistent training throughout their lives. Before bringing a puppy home, ensure that all family members are on board and understand the commitment involved in raising a hound of this breed. It’s essential to have a proper training plan in place and allocate time for daily exercise and socialization.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the temperament of this breed?

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is known for being versatile, confident, and devoted as pets. They are energetic, playful, and adaptable to different situations, making them great companions for various types of people.

What are their exercise requirements?

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are an energetic and active breed that needs plenty of exercise. It’s essential to provide them with daily walks, playtime, or engaging activities to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

How easy is it to train them?

This breed is intelligent and responsive to training, although they can sometimes be stubborn. Consistent and positive reinforcement training methods work best with Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds. Patience, persistence, and a structured training routine will help in making the process smoother.

Are they good with children and other pets?

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds can be good family dogs and get along well with children and other pets when raised together. However, as a hunting breed, they may have a strong prey drive, which might not make them suitable for homes with small animals like cats or rodents.

What health issues are common in this breed?

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are usually a very healthy breed. However, like any other breed, they can be prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia. Regular vet check-ups and staying informed on the breed’s health concerns will help in maintaining their overall well-being.

What is their expected lifespan?

The expected lifespan of a Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is around 12-15 years. With proper care, regular exercise, a balanced diet, and regular vet check-ups, they can live a happy and healthy life.

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